Atlanta Journal April 28, 1913 to August 31, 1913
The Atlanta Journal was a long running late-afternoon daily newspaper digest, that from April 28, 1913, to August 31, 1913, provided intense coverage of the Mary Phagan Murder Investigation, followed by the indictment, trial and conviction of Leo Frank. The paper continued to follow the case all the way through Leo Frank's 2 years of appeals leading up to his hanging, on August 17, 1915.
During the Leo Frank murder trial, the Atlanta Journal, like the Atlanta Constitution and Atlanta Georgian, published the testimony as events unfolded each court session. This collection of articles only covers the Frank-Phagan from April 28, to August 31st, 1913. The appeals and lynching of Leo Frank from August 27, 1913, to August 17, 1915, will be forthcoming on The Internet Archive in the future if these items can be acquired.
Newspaper Consolidation: Atlanta Journal Merges with Atlanta Constitution in 2001
As of 2001, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution (AJC) is the only major daily newspaper in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, Georgia, United States. It is the flagship publication of Cox Enterprises. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the result of the merger between The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution (Wikipedia, 2013). Decades before that, the Atlanta Journal and Atlanta Georgian merged.
Murder of Mary Phagan in 1913
The murder of Mary Phagan occurred on Georgia Confederate Memorial Day, Saturday, April 26, 1913, in Atlanta. It was announced in an extra on Sunday, April 27, 1913, after young journalist Britt Craig broke the story for the Atlanta Constitution. Two days after the murder, the three major Atlanta newspaper dailies competed against each other for coverage of the case, including: 'The Atlanta Journal' in the evening, 'The Atlanta Constitution' and 'The Atlanta Georgian' during the day. The Georgian published a number of "Extras" each day that some believe sensationalized the case of Mary Phagan and Leo Frank.
Simply put, here presented to you is, 'The Atlanta Journal' from late April through August 1913, compare it with the other two major Atlanta daily newspaper's coverage of the Mary Phagan murder investigation. Never before published anywhere else, except here first, one can now follow the Frank-Phagan Case, from early investigation, the seldom mentioned Coroner's Inquest, Grand Jury hearings, and all the way through till the end of the sensational Trial.
The Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915. http://archive.org/details/LeoFrankCaseInTheAtlantaConstitutionNewspaper1913To1915 covering the Leo Frank Case.
The Atlanta Georgian newspaper covering the Leo Frank Case from April though August, 1913. http://archive.org/details/AtlantaGeorgianNewspaperAprilToAugust1913
The Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Leo Frank Case: http://archive.org/details/AtlantaJournalApril281913toAugust311913
The most sensational criminal trial in Southern history, concluded its testimony portion on August 21, 1913, a few days after Leo Frank made an admission on the witness stand (August 18, 1913) that some say amounted to a murder trial confession
On August 18, 1913, Leo Frank reveals the solution to the Mary Phagan murder mystery stating he might have "unconsciously" gone to the bathroom in the metal room to counter Monteen Stover's testimony that he was not in his inner or outer office from 12:05 to 12:10 PM on April 26, 1913:
Now gentlemen [of the Jury], to the best of my recollection from the time the whistle blew for twelve o’clock [noon on Saturday, April 26, 1913] until after a quarter to one [12:46 p.m.] when I went up stairs and spoke to Arthur White and Harry Denham [at the rear of the fourth floor], to the best of my recollection, I did not stir out of the inner office [at the front of the second floor]; but it is possible that in order to answer a call of nature or to urinate I may have gone to the toilet [in the metal room at the rear of the second floor]. Those are things that a man does unconsciously and cannot tell how many times nor when he does it (Leo Frank Trial Statement, August 18, Brief of Evidence, 1913; Georgia Supreme Court Brief, 1913, 1914).
8 months later, Leo Frank re-confirms he might have been in the metal room bathroom at the time Monteen Stover said his office was empty: See the Atlanta Constitution, Monday, March 9, 1914, Leo Frank Jailhouse Interview
More primary and reliable secondary sources on the Mary Phagan and Leo Frank Case include:
The Leo Frank Case, Inside Story of Georgia's Greatest Murder Mystery, 1913 - The first neutral book written about the subject, anonymously published in 1913. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/TheLeoFrankCasemaryPhaganInsideStoryOfGeorgiasGreatestMurder
The Murder of Little Mary Phagan by Mary Phagan Kean (Available here on www.Archive.org). Written by Mary Phagan Kean, the great grand niece of Mary Phagan (1899 - 1913). A neutral account of the events surrounding the trial, appeal, lynching and pardon of Leo Frank. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan is well worth reading and it is a refreshing change from the endless number of Jewish and contemporary books turning the Leo Frank case into a neurotic race obsessed tabloid controversy. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/TheMurderOfMaryPhaganByLeoFrankIn1913
Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913, Brief of Evidence. Extremely rare, only 1 copy exists, and it is at the Georgia State Archive. The trial brief of evidence was ratified by Leo Frank defense, prosecution and presiding judge Leonard S. Roan. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/LeoM.FrankPlaintiffInErrorVs.StateOfGeorgiaDefendantInError.In
Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Trial of Leo Frank Some but not all of the 9 hours of arguments given to the Jury at the end of the Leo Frank trial. Only 18 Libraries in the world have original copies of this books, because there have been efforts to destroy and suppress it. This is an excellent book and required reading for student's of the Frank case, to see how Dorsey convinced the panel of 13 men (the trial jury of 12 men plus Judge Leonard Strickland Roan) to convict Leo Frank. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/ArgumentsOfHughM.DorseyInTheLeoFrankMurderTrial
American State Trials, volume X (1918) by John Lawson Tends to be biased in favor of Leo Frank and his legal defense team, this book provides an abridged version of the Brief of Evidence, leaving out some of the important details and things said at the trial brief of evidence when it republishes parts of the trial testimony. Be sure to read the closing arguments of Luther Zeigler Rosser, Reuben Rose Arnold, Frank Arthur Hooper and Hugh Manson Dorsey. This book also highlights Leo Frank's appeals and provides a detailed account of Leo Frank's lynching in 1915. For a more complete version of the Leo M. Frank trial testimony, read the 1913 Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence and three atlanta newspapers (Atlanta Journal, Atlanta Georgian, and Atlanta Constitution) who published the trial testimony July and August, 1913. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/AmericanStateTrials1918VolumeXleoFrankAndMaryPhagan
Three Atlanta Daily Newspapers in 1913: The Atlanta Constitution, The Atlanta Journal, The Atlanta Georgian. The most relevant reports center around events published between: April 28th to August 27th 1913.
Atlanta Constitution Newspaper: The Murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner's Inquest, Grand Jury, Investigation, Trail, Appeals, Shanking and Lynching of Leo Frank Case in the Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915. WWW: http://archive.org/details/LeoFrankCaseInTheAtlantaConstitutionNewspaper1913To1915
Atlanta Georgian newspaper covering the Leo Frank Case from April though August, 1913. WWW: http://archive.org/details/AtlantaGeorgianNewspaperAprilToAugust1913
Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Leo Frank Case. WWW: http://archive.org/details/AtlantaJournalApril281913toAugust311913
1914 jailhouse interview of Leo Frank (Must Read)
Leo Frank confirms he might have been in the metalroom's bathroom during the time of the murder, during the minutes Monteen Stover had claimed his office was empty: See the Atlanta Constitution, Monday, March 9, 1914, Leo Frank Jailhouse Interview. Revisit State Exhibit A and Defendant Exhibit 61 from the Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court records. WWW: http://archive.org/details/AtlantaConstitutionMondayMarch91914Issue10Pages
Future U.S. Senator Tom Watson articulates the Leo Frank trial testimony and evidence
Tom Watson's weekly Jeffersonian newspaper (1914, 1915, 1916 and 1917) and Watson's Magazine (1915). Tom Watson's best work on the Mary Phagan case was published in August and September of 1915. Watson's series of five major magazine articles written collectively about the Frank-Phagan affair, provide logical arguments confirming the guilt of Leo M. Frank with the superb reasoning of a genius criminal attorney.
These five remarkable works are absolutely required reading for anyone interested in the Leo M. Frank Case analysis.
January, 1915: The Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (January 1915) Watson's Magazine Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/TheLeoFrankCase
March, 1915: The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for 'A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/TheFullReviewOfTheLeoFrankCaseMarch1915
August, 1915: The Celebrated Case of The State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank By Tom Watson (August 1915) Volumne 21, No 4. See page 182 for 'The Celebrated Case of the State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank". Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/TheCelebratedCaseOfLeoFrank
September, 1915: The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert By Tom Watson (September 1915) Volume 21. No. 5. See page 251 for 'The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/TheOfficialRecordInTheCaseOfLeoFrankJewPervertSeptember1915
October, 1915: The Rich Jews Indict a State! The Whole South Traduced in the Matter of Leo Frank By Tom Watson (October 1915) Volume 21. No. 6. See page 301. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/RichJewsIndictTheStateOfGeorgia
Tom Watson's Jeffersonian Weekly Newspaper
The archive of Tom E. Watson Digital Papers, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, contains the full collection of Jeffersonian Newspapers. WWW: http://www.lib.unc.edu/dc/watson
Leo Frank's defenders (cult members known as Frankites) are posing as neutral reviewers and attempting to convince people not to read Tom Watson's analysis about the Leo Frank trial. Watson's analysis of the case is the controversial forbidden fruit of truth that have been censored for more than 100 years.
For a nearly complete selection of: Tom Watson's Jeffersonian newspaper articles related to the Murder of Mary Phagan and Leo Frank Case. WWW: https://archive.org/details/the-jeffersonian-050714-may-07-1914-volume-11-issue-19-pages-01-03-05-09-10
Tom Watson Brown, Grandson of Senator Tom E. Watson
Notes on the Case of Leo M. Frank by Tom W. Brown, Emery University, Atlanta, Georgia, 1982. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/NotesOnTheCaseOfLeoMaxFrankAndItsAftermath
Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court Archive, 1913-1914 (Must Read):
Leo Frank Trial and Appeals Georgia Supreme Court File (1,800 pages). WWW: http://archive.org/details/leo-frank-georgia-supreme-court-case-records-1913-1914
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